Patna, The Kingdom of the Magadh Rulers
And indeed, Pataliputra, as it was known then, rose to be a great city. It served many a dynasties and rulers. From Pataligrama, to Pataliputra, to Kusumpura to Kusumdhwaja to Padmavati to Azimabad to Patna, the name of the city changed with times, time and again. But the glory of this ancient city rose during the Maurya dynasty and especially during the tenure of Emperor Ashoka. The architecture of the city as well rose to a grandeur which was never seen before. It was during this period that Pataliputra produced great scholars from Chanakya, Aryabhatta and Vatsyayana.
Emperor Ashoka then transformed the earlier city into even more beautiful city. After embracing the Buddhism he built many Stupas and Monasteries which dotted the skyline of this prosperous city.
But alas all the glory and beauty vanished with the floods caused by rains in the 6th century A.D. The history of the middle age of this ancient city is not known. It was only in the 16th century when Sher Shah Suri decided to build a fort here that the city came back to the forefront. Later it went under the Mughal control. It was once again renamed as Azimabad after the favourite grand son of the Mughal king Aurangzeb. With an eventual decline of the Mughal power, Patna went into the hands of the Nawab of Bengal and soon was passed on to the British. After the Indian independence the small and tiny village Pataligrama became the capital of the state of Bihar.
Today, Patna has become the starting point for Buddhist pilgrimage in the country as there are many sites of Buddhist interest in its vicinity. Bihar state as a whole is famous for its Madhubani paintings and its peculiar festivities such as the Chhath. The people of the region, basically rice eaters, love to have sattu in its various forms. The fertile land and its verdant greenery are because of the Ganges that flows from west to east through the state. Especially at Patna, it is at its fullest and therefore has the largest bridge in India that stretches from one shore to the other. It is around 7.5 kms long and is called as Mahatma Gandhi Setu.
Need Help Booking?
Call our customer services team on the number below to speak to one of our advisors who will help you with all of your holiday needs.
Why Book with us?
Get the best rates, or get a refund.
No booking fees. Save money!
We're Always Here
Call or email us, anytime
Get 24-hour support before, during, and after your trip